DS470 - Radiation Safety in the Use of Radiation Sources in Research and Education

Status: SSG-87

Veröffentlichung  2024

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Safety Guide

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Zurück zu „IAEO Safety Standards Series“ (Übersicht aller derzeit gültigen Sicherheitsstandards)

Background Information

The Safety Guide will address the radiation protection and safety aspects of the use of radioactive sources and radiation generators in research and education, including, for example, universities and research laboratories. The use of radioactive sources in research and education are planned exposure situations. The Safety Guide will cover occupational exposure and public exposure. The Safety Guide does not cover medical exposures. The exposure of students is regarded as a category of occupational exposure — as for exposure of apprentices — for the purposes of application of the BSS. A discussion of the different dose limits for students under the age of 18 will be included in Safety Guide. The radioactive sources will include sealed sources such as those used in education, sample irradiation, calibration of equipment and sources used in scientific equipment; and unsealed sources which may be used for tracer studies in biomedical and environmental research, environmental pollutants and physical sciences. The radiation generators include X ray diffraction, X ray spectroscopy, X ray machines for imaging (including electron microscopes) and linear accelerators.

The Safety Guide will not cover research reactors or critical assemblies (covered in other Safety Guides).

The principal issues covered in the Safety Guide will be:

  • Types of radiation sources used in research and education;
  • Responsibilities of the regulatory body
  • Responsibilities of licensees;
  • Protection of workers and students using radiation sources;
  • Personal protective equipment;
  • Control and storage of radioactive sources;
  • Radiation detection and monitoring devices;
  • Personnel dosimetry;
  • Site selection;
  • Facility and equipment design;
  • Testing and maintenance of equipment;
  • Discharges and radioactive waste management;
  • Effluent and environmental monitoring;
  • Transport of radioactive material;
  • Emergency preparedness and response.
  • Decommissioning

The interface between safety and security for radioactive sources will also be addressed.